Cephalexin is attributed as antibiotic of cephalosporins group which acts against bacteria preventing formation of their cell walls. It is enough resistant to penicillinases of gram positive microorganisms but can be destroyed by beta-lactamases of gram negative ones. It shows broad spectrum activity against gram positive microorganisms such as Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis; Streptococcus, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Clostridium, Actinomyces israelii, Bacillus anthracis, gram negative microorganisms like Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Proteus mirabilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Shigella, Salmonella. Common infections that are treated with Cephalexin include infections of the middle ear, tonsils, throat, larynx (laryngitis), bronchi (bronchitis) and pneumonia as well as in urinary tract, skin, and bones.
Dosage and directions
The dose of Cephalexin for adults is 1 to 4 grams in divided doses. The interval between doses may be 6 or 12 hours depending on the infection.
Before using Cephalexin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillins), have kidney or liver disease, a stomach or intestinal disorder such as colitis, and diabetes.
Hypersensitivity to Cephalexin, cephalosporins (Ceclor, Duricef, Omnicef, Spectracef, Suprax, Cefzil, Fortaz, Ceftin) and beta-lactamase antibiotics. Cautiousness should be exercised in patients with kidney disorder, pseudomembranous colitis, pregnancy, breastfeeding and babies younger than 6 month.
Possible side effect
Most common side effects may include signs of allergy (hives, rash, swelling of face and tongue), seizure, fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash, pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, hallucinations, confusion or weakness, easy bruising or bleeding, unusual weakness, confusion, agitation, decreased or absent urination. In case of serious and persistent side effects listed above seek immediate medical help.
In case of serious and persistent symptoms of nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, and blood in your urine consult your doctor about medical attention.
Store at room temperature between 59-77 degrees F (15-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture, kids and pets. Do not use after expiration term.